Let, we supply a sinusoidal voltage Vin = Vsinωt as a source voltage. Now, if the input voltage is positive, the diode is forward biased and when that is negative, the diode is in reverse bias condition.
When the input voltage is positive, i.e, for the positive cycle of the input voltage, the current flows through the diode. So, the current will flow through the load also and we obtain output voltage across the load. But for the negative half cycle of the input, the p-n junction get reverse biased and no current flows through the diode as a result we obtain zero current and zero voltage across the load.
Circuit Diagram of Half Wave Rectifier
The basic diagram of half wave diode rectifier is given below,
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Input voltage and Output Voltage Waveforms
Ripple factor of half wave rectifier,
The rms value of the load current (Irms ),